Besides Solid, liquid & gas, Many of us are known about Plasma as the fourth state of matter! But is this end of the list so early? ANSWER IS A ” BIG NO”
There are still Three more states of matters we have observed in the vast ocean of the Universe Which we weren’t taught in College!! Though it will be quite tricky to get them for instance!
In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms that matter takes on.
The seven states are, 1. Solid, 2. Liquid, 3. Gas, 4. Plasma, 5 Quark Gluon Plasma, 6. Bose-Einstein Condesates, 7. Degenerate matter.
As we do not need to introduce the first 3, may we start from the 4th instead?
A plasma is a hot ionized gas consisting of approximately equal numbers of positively charged ions and negatively charged electrons. The characteristics of plasmas are significantly different from those of ordinary neutral gases so that plasmas are considered a distinct “fourth state of matter.”
Plasma can be found in the Sun, Strokes of Lightning, Neon Light and so on!
Did you know? Lightening is 5 times Hotter than the Suns Surface?
The temperature of plasma in Suns Surface is 6000 Kelvin & The stroke of Lightening bears 30,000 Kelvin of Plasma! Isn’t it shocking?
But remember that just above the Suns Surface, the atmosphere exceeded up to 6,00,000 Kelvin & in the center of the Sun the plasma temperature is 15 million to 27 million Kelvin.
A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero (that is, very near 0 K or−273.15 °C). Under such conditions, a large fraction of bosons occupy the lowest quantum state, at which point macroscopic quantum phenomena become apparent.
& At That temperature All the Velocity of Electrons goes nearly Stunned!
It was discovered by Sattandranath Bose & Einstein Moderated the papers between 1924-1925.
Quark Gluon Plasma existed few seconds later after the Big Bang occurred. Do you know in that moment, there was not a single electeon in those atoms rotating. The first electron started rrevolving the neucleous around 300,000 years after the Big Bang. Isn’t it strange?
Anyway, after some moments after the big bang quantum particles were in a epoch of Quarks & Gluons. Those are incompleted atoms no doubts. Scientists of CERN tested those states in Large Hydron Collider & confirmed there possible existance.
Degenerate Matters are found specially in Neutron stars! The atmospheric temperatures are so high in Neutron stars that the electrons & neutrons come out from the atoms & continuously shoots Neutrons outside the star. That’s why they are called Neutron Stars. When yo are reading this topic from shawoneric.wordpress.com millions & billions Neutrino has crossed through your body without being informed by you. But did you notice? I said Neutrino not Neutron! There is a difference, right? :p